Child Labor Day
Child Labor mentions the exploitation of children through any form of work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and is mentally, physically, socially, and morally harmful. The World Day against Child Labor is held annually on June 12. It is an international day to raise awareness and prompt action to stop child labor in all of its forms.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) launched Child Labor Day in 2002. Since then, the day has focused attention on the prevalence of child labor throughout the world, and the actions and efforts essential to eliminating it.
The theme of Child Labor Day 2020 was “Protect children from child labor, now more than ever”. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the resulting economic and labor market has a huge impact on the lives of people and livelihoods. The theme of this year’s is “Act now: End child labor!”
Child Labor before Industrialization:
Children of poor and working-class families had worked for centuries before industrialization – helping around the house or assisting in the family’s enterprise when they were able. The practice of putting children to work was first documented in the medieval era when fathers had their children spin thread for them to weave on the loom. Children performed a variety of tasks that were auxiliary to their parents but critical to the family economy.
The family’s household needs determined the family’s supply of labor and “the interdependence of work and residence, of household labor needs, subsidence requirements, and family relationships constituted the ‘family economy.’”
Child Labour Day Goals:
World Day against Child Labour goals to recognition interest on the worldwide volume of child hard work, movement and efforts had to put off it. Every 12 months on 12 June, World Day brings collectively governments, employers and employees organizations, and civil society, in addition to thousands of humans from around the sector to spotlight the plight of child workers and what may be achieved to assist them.
The International Labour Organization defines child labor as “work that deprives children of their childhood, potential, and dignity, that is harmful to physical and mental development.”
Not all work done by children is child labor. Activities that contribute to a child’s positive development and provide skills and experience for them to become productive members of society are not child labor.
According to the ILO, Child Labor refers to work that:
- interferes with their schooling by:
- depriving them of the opportunity to attend school;
- obliging them to leave school prematurely; or
- requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work.
- is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children
The Significance of Child Labor Day is to pay attention to the problem of child labor and to find ways to eradicate it. The day is used to spread awareness about the harmful mental and physical problems faced by children forced into child labour, all over the world.
Methods to Eradicate Child Labor:
Child labor should be abolished because it takes away from the child his childhood and the prospect of elementary education. Moreover, since child laborers are cheap, and consequently engaged in hazardous and dangerous employment, they are often vulnerable to mental and physical illness.
More stringent laws and effective implementation
Sending more children to school
Discouraging people to employ children in homes, shops, factories, etc.
Supporting NGOs like Save the Children
Introduction: Child Labor mentions the exploitation of children through any form of work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and is mentally, physically, socially, and morally harmful. The World Day against Child Labor is held annually on June 12. It is an international day to raise awareness…